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Poisonous Plant Dangers Around The Home For Babies, Toddlers, and Children

 

General poisoning notes:

Human allergy to garlic dust has been documented by Lybarger et al. 1982. Ingesting garlic leaves can also cause allergic reactions.

References:

Lybarger, J. A., Gallagher, J. S., Pulver, D. W., Litwin, A., Brooks, S., Bernstein, I. L. 1982. Occupational asthma induced by inhalation and ingestion of garlic. J. All. Clin. Immunol., 69: 448-454.

Nomenclature:

 

Scientific Name: Allium sativum L.
 

Vernacular name(s): garlic

Scientific family name: Liliaceae

Vernacular family name: lily

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Allium sativum

References:

Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.

Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.

Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.

Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.

Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.

Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.

Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

garlic:

 

Images: images.google.com

Toxic parts:

bulb - dust of
bulbs
 

References:

 

Lybarger, J. A., Gallagher, J. S., Pulver, D. W., Litwin, A., Brooks, S., Bernstein, I. L. 1982. Occupational asthma induced by inhalation and ingestion of garlic. J. All. Clin. Immunol., 69: 448-454.

Toxic plant chemicals:

S-methyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide (SMCO)
 

References:

Benevenga, N. J., Case, G. L., Steele, R. D. 1989. Occurrence and metabolism of s-methyl-l-cysteine and s-methyl-l-cysteine sulfoxide in plants and their toxicity and metabolism in animals. Pages 203-228 in Cheeke, P. R., ed. Toxicants of plant origin. Vol. III. Proteins and amino acids. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., USA. 271 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

dyspnea
wheezing
 

References:

Lybarger, J. A., Gallagher, J. S., Pulver, D. W., Litwin, A., Brooks, S., Bernstein, I. L. 1982. Occupational asthma induced by inhalation and ingestion of garlic. J. All. Clin. Immunol., 69: 448-454.

Information Source: ©Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility.

Go to Harmful Chemicals Page
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